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VIEWPOINT: N.Y. Employers Now Must Provide Notice of Electronic Monitoring

By Richard C. White


On Nov. 8, 2021, New York Gov. Kathy Hochul signed a bill amending New York’s Civil Rights Law by adding a new section that requires employers to give prior written notice of any electronic monitoring to employees upon hire. The law takes effect on May 7, 2022. The law applies to all private-sector employers in New York, regardless of the size of the employer.

The law requires notice for any employer who monitors or intercepts telephone conversations/transmissions, emails, or internet access or usage. The law necessitates the notice to be given in writing, in an electronic record, or in another electronic form. Further, employers must receive a written or electronic acknowledgement from employees of receipt of the notice. Employers must also post the notice in a conspicuous place so that employees who are subject to electronic monitoring can readily review the notice. 

The law does not apply to processes that are designed to manage the type or volume of email, voicemail, or internet usage; that are not targeted to monitor or intercept employee communications; and that are performed solely for the purpose of system maintenance and/or protection. 

Regarding the content of the notice, the law provides as follows: 

For purposes of written notice . . . an employee shall be advised that any and all telephone conversations or transmissions, electronic mail or transmissions, or internet access or usage by an employee by any electronic device or system, including but not limited to the use of a computer, telephone, wire, radio or electromagnetic, photoelectronic or photo-optical systems may be subject to monitoring at any and all times and by any lawful means.

The law does not provide for a private right of action. The New York State attorney general is responsible for enforcement of the law. Employers found to be in violation of the law may be subject to a maximum civil penalty of $500 for the first offense, $1,000 for the second offense, and $3,000 for the third and each subsequent offense.

Employers should determine if any new hires will be subject to the notice provisions of this law and determine the manner in which they will provide such notice.

Richard C. White is an associate attorney in the Albany office of Syracuse–based Bond, Schoeneck & King PLLC. He is a labor and employment law attorney who represents employers in proceedings before federal and state courts and various government agencies. Contact White at This article is drawn from Bond’s New York Labor & Employment Law Report blog.

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